Category Archives: 07 Other Atrocities

2007 Threat #07 Other Atrocities Top Cited Authors

Author (# of articles written*, # of times cited*)

John Briere (60, 2662)
Department of Psychiatry & The Behavioral Sciences
University of Southern California
Los Angeles , CA 90089

Elizabeth Miller (276, 2321)
Davis Medical Center
University of California
One Shields Ave.
Davis, CA 95616

Dean G. Kilpatrick (107, 1657)
Department of Psychiatry
Medical University of South Carolina
171 Ashley Ave.
Charleston, SC 29425

Michael P. Johnson (95, 960)
Department of Sociology
Pennsylvania State University
211 OSWALD TOWER
University Park, PA 16802-6207

Donna E. Stewart (172, 930)
Women’s Health Program
University Health Network
190 Elizabeth Street
Toronto ON M5G 2C4
CANADA

Kirsten Campbell (113, 565)
Department of Sociology
Goldsmiths, University of London
New Cross
London SE14 6NW
UK

Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer (25, 219)
Department of HIV/AIDS
World Health Organization
Geneva, 1211
SWITZERLAND

Murray Last (57, 186)
Department of Anthropology
University College London
Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT
UK

Aderanti Adepoju (26, 184)
Human Resources Development Center
University of Lagos
Lagos
NIGERIA

Ulla Larsen (43, 161)
Department of Sociology
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742-1315

Gail Kligman (13, 150)
Department of Sociology
University of California
Box 951551, 264 HH
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1551

Richard A. Powell (40, 144)
90 Kynaston Road
Bromley
Kent BR1 5AW
UK

Jill Hanley (46, 102)
Groupe d’études sur le racisme, la migration et l’exclusion
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Brussels
BELGIUM

Robert C. Johansen (24, 100)
Department of Political Science
O114 Hesburgh Center
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN 46556

David R. Hodge (40, 99)
Arizona State University
Department of Social Work
Arizona State University
PO Box 37100
Phoenix, AZ 85069-7100

Frank Laczko (9, 92)
Research and Publication Division
International Organization for Migration
17, Route des Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 19
SWITZERLAND

  • Note that this is the number of articles indexed in the Social SciSearch database (not a universal count of all the author’s writings.)

2007 Threat #07 Other Atrocities Top Books

Earth Threat #7: Other Atrocities

A Listmania! list by Robert David STEELE Vivas (Oakton, VA United States)
(TOP 500 REVIEWER)    (HALL OF FAME REVIEWER)
The list author says: “There are ten threats, twelve policies, and eight players other than the EU and USA that matter if we are to get a grip on our future. Each of these 30 topics is addressed at www.earth-intelligence.net, and in Amazon discussion groups being created to bring together authors and readers to form a global information sharing network that will be superior to what secret intelligence and secret government bureaucracies can put together. This is how we save Humanity and our Earth–by taking back the power over relevant information and the policies that have here-to-fore been dominated by special interests instead of ourselves, the taxpayers and end-users.”
Nobodies: Modern American Slave Labor and the Dark Side of the New Global Economy
1.  Nobodies: Modern American Slave Labor and the Dark Side of the New Global Economy by John Bowe
The list author says:
“Added 22 June 2008.  quite compelliing.  slaves in America who are helpless and easy to abuse, and to kill, without accountability.”
$12.98   Used & New from: $3.24
4.4 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (22 customer reviews) | 1 customer discussion
The Atrocity Archives
2.  The Atrocity Archives by Charles Stross
The list author says:
“Many authors include gencoide in “atrocities,” Earth Intelligence Network follows the convention established by the UN High Level Threat Panel (LtGen Dr. Brent Scowcroft representing USA), and separates genocide.”
$11.70   Used & New from: $0.01
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (82 customer reviews)
The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil
3.  The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil by Claudia Card
The list author says:
“Worth considering.”
$26.99   Used & New from: $15.02
The Politics of Regret: On Collective Memory and Historical Responsibility
4.  The Politics of Regret: On Collective Memory and Historical Responsibility by Jeffrey K. Olick
The list author says:
“Important reading along with reading on Truth Commissions.”
$37.96
States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering
5.  States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering by Stanley Cohen
The list author says:
“Useful.”
$27.88   Used & New from: $22.49
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (3 customer reviews)
Unspeakable Truths: Confronting State Terror and Atrocity
6.  Unspeakable Truths: Confronting State Terror and Atrocity by Priscilla B. Hayner
The list author says:
“Truth COmmissions WORK.  We need two for the USA–one on our last 200 years of predatory imperialism, and one on what we have done to our own Native Americans and people of color.”
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Slaughterhouse: Bosnia and the Failure of the West
7.  Slaughterhouse: Bosnia and the Failure of the West by David Rieff
The list author says:
“I am inclined to treat indifference to genocide as an atrocity all on its own.  There are over fifteen genocides going on today, including two in Russia (Tatars and Chechnyans) and three in China (Ugurs, Tibetians, and females via abortion), only one of which appears to be “officially” recognized by the West.”
$13.64   Used & New from: $0.01
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In the Name of Democracy: American War Crimes in Iraq and Beyond (American Empire Project)
8.  In the Name of Democracy: American War Crimes in Iraq and Beyond (American Empire Project) by Jeremy Brecher
The list author says:
“Read my longer review of this book.  It is a very serious book by very serious people.”
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The Fire This Time: U.S. War Crimes in the Gulf
9.  The Fire This Time: U.S. War Crimes in the Gulf by Ramsey Clark
The list author says:
“Top current review.  As if our military presence and support for Israeli and Arab dictatorships is not enough, we add war crimes and indiscriminate killing to the list.”
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The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib
10.  The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib by Karen J. Greenberg
The list author says:
“It shames me to have the US guilty of torture, torture deliberately sanctiioned by the White House, the Secretary of Defense, and now th Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, LtGen Mike Hayden, USAF.”
$25.69   Used & New from: $0.01
4.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (11 customer reviews)
Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib (P.S.)
11.  Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib (P.S.) by Seymour M. Hersh
The list author says:
“Anything Sy Hersh writes is both truthful and troubling.”
$11.69   Used & New from: $0.01
4.3 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (48 customer reviews)
Tiger Force: A True Story of Men and War
12.  Tiger Force: A True Story of Men and War by Michael Sallah
The list author says:
“See my longer review.  Shocking.  But also understandable.  Also, a former infantry officer, I always point out that the Air Force does more indiscriminate killing while creating more terrorists per mission than the much more discriminate infantry operation, when done right, of one terrorist, one bullet.”
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The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame (Studies of the Pacific Basin Institute)
13.  The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan’s National Shame (Studies of the Pacific Basin Institute) by Katsuichi Honda
The list author says:
“War crimes are not necessarily genocide.  The difference lies in whether or not the mass murder targets a specific group, or simply massacres everyone standing.”
$29.95   Used & New from: $6.99
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Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War
14.  Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War by Neil J. Mitchell
The list author says:
“Civil wars are not necessarily genocidal.”
$32.90   Used & New from: $0.01
Belly of the Beast: A POW's Inspiring True Story of Faith, Courage, and Survival Aboard the Infamous WWII Japanese Hellship, the Oryoku Maru
15.  Belly of the Beast: A POW’s Inspiring True Story of Faith, Courage, and Survival Aboard the Infamous WWII Japanese Hellship, the Oryoku Maru by Judith Pearson
The list author says:
“Mistreatment of Prisoner’s of War (POW) is one of the top atrocities, along with kidnapping for body parts and human trafficking including children sold into sex slavery.”
Used & New from: $1.45
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Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law
16.  Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law by Mark A. Drumbl
The list author says:
“The law is largely irrelevant, but worthy of study.”
$30.85   Used & New from: $20.77
Devil's doctors: Medical experiments on human subjects in the concentration camps
17.  Devil’s doctors: Medical experiments on human subjects in the concentration camps by Christian Bernadac
The list author says:
“Medical experimentation, including what Pfizer has done in Africa and Asia, is definitely an atrocity when done without the victim’s knowledge or consent, and when continued after knowingly causing harm.”
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Torture: The Role of Ideology in the French-Algerian War
18.  Torture: The Role of Ideology in the French-Algerian War by Rita Maran
The list author says:
“I like this because it makes the point that ideology rather than rationality is often behind torture.  As with genocide, the first stage is to label the one to be tortured as non-human or “other” and therefore outside human conventions.”
$117.95   Used & New from: $86.35
Unholy Alliance: Religion and Atrocity in Our Time
19.  Unholy Alliance: Religion and Atrocity in Our Time by Marc H. Ellis
The list author says:
“Excellent contribution.”
$16.00   Used & New from: $0.01
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina
20.  Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina by Alexandra Stiglmayer
The list author says:
“Mass Rape is definitely a terrible atrocity.  The stories I have heard of mild-mannered school teachers turning into savage beasts are heart-rendering.”
$18.39   Used & New from: $11.96
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Violence Workers: Police Torturers and Murderers Reconstruct Brazilian Atrocities
21.  Violence Workers: Police Torturers and Murderers Reconstruct Brazilian Atrocities by Martha Knisely Huggins
The list author says:
“One specific regional story.”
$27.46   Used & New from: $7.50
3.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (3 customer reviews)
Contested Commodities
22.  Contested Commodities by Margaret Jane Radin
The list author says:
“WOW.  On trade is sex, children, body parts, and other things.”
$36.00   Used & New from: $28.50
4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
Smuggling and Trafficking in Human Beings: All Roads Lead to America
23.  Smuggling and Trafficking in Human Beings: All Roads Lead to America by Sheldon Zhang
The list author says:
“Worthy.  It merits comment that there are millions of displaced person and refugees created by the top five high-level threats to humanity (see those lists), and that human trafficking is a result of that combined with sex for hire being illegal in most places, which is nuts, since many marriages lose matrimonial sex to menopause, demanding children, and old age.”
$38.35   Used & New from: $6.71
Taken by Force: Rape and American GIs in Europe during  WWII
24.  Taken by Force: Rape and American GIs in Europe during WWII by J. Robert Lilly
The list author says:
“America is not pure.”
$43.00   Used & New from: $34.70
2.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade--and How We Can Fight It
25.  Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade–and How We Can Fight It by David B. Batstone
The list author says:
“Top book on human trafficking,”
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4.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (56 customer reviews) | 1 customer discussion
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Unspeakable: The Hidden Truth Behind The World's Fastest Growing Crime
26.  Unspeakable: The Hidden Truth Behind The World’s Fastest Growing Crime by Raymond Bechard
The list author says:
“People for sale–for sex, for work, and for body parts (the donor does not survive).”
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Trafficking And Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives On Migration, Sex Work, And Human Rights (Transnational Feminist Studies)
27.  Trafficking And Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives On Migration, Sex Work, And Human Rights (Transnational Feminist Studies) by Kamala Kempadoo
The list author says:
“It’s all connected.”
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Barracks and Brothels: Peacekeepers and Human Trafficking in the Balkans (Csis Panel Report)
28.  Barracks and Brothels: Peacekeepers and Human Trafficking in the Balkans (Csis Panel Report) by Sarah Elizabeth Mendelson
The list author says:
“Not only does the UN love prostitution, but peacekeepers bring AIDS home to their loved ones–not just the Nigerians, but the Finns as well.”
$19.95   Used & New from: $11.19
Measuring Human Trafficking: Complexities And Pitfalls
29.  Measuring Human Trafficking: Complexities And Pitfalls by Ernesto U. Savona
The list author says:
“Solid, we should be doing this for all crimes.”
$99.00   Used & New from: $48.28
Data and Research on Human Trafficking: A Global Survey
30.  Data and Research on Human Trafficking: A Global Survey by United Nations
The list author says:
“Data is the first step toward resolution.”
$35.00   Used & New from: $26.87
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Transnational Threats: Smuggling and Trafficking in Arms, Drugs, and Human Life (Praeger Security International)
31.  Transnational Threats: Smuggling and Trafficking in Arms, Drugs, and Human Life (Praeger Security International) by Kimberely L. Thachuk
The list author says:
“Drugs can be an atrocity when carried to an extreme, for example, when CIA protected the Nicaraguan Contra, Blandon, who supplied all the cocaine that street entrepreneur Ricky Ross turned into crack cocaine at $5 a hit.  Red lining poor neighborhoods is also an atrocity, in my view.”
$47.70   Used & New from: $19.84
Globalization and the trade in human body parts.: An article from: The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology
32.  Globalization and the trade in human body parts.: An article from: The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology by Trevor Harrison
The list author says:
“Top article, too early for many books.”
$5.95
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Learning to trade ethically: Knowledgeable capitalism, retailers and contested commodity chains [An article from: Geoforum]
33.  Learning to trade ethically: Knowledgeable capitalism, retailers and contested commodity chains [An article from: Geoforum] by A. Hughes
The list author says:
“Immoral predatory capitalism can be an atrocity, especially when it loots third countries of their natural resources or their cultural heritage.”
$7.95
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2007 Threat #07 Other Atrocities Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

Coalition Against Trafficking in Womenexternal link
CATW is a non-governmental organization that promotes women’s human rights by working internationally to combat sexual exploitation in all its forms. Founded in 1988, CATW was the first international non-governmental organization to focus on human trafficking, especially sex trafficking of women and girls. 1

HumanTrafficking.orgexternal link
The purpose of this Web site is to bring Government and NGOs in the East Asia and Pacific together to cooperate and learn from each other’s experiences in their efforts to combat human trafficking. This Web site has country-specific information such as national laws and action plans and contact information on useful governmental agencies. It also has a description of NGO activities in different countries and their contact information. 2

ECPATexternal link
ECPAT is a network of organisations and individuals working together to eliminate the commercial sexual exploitation of children. It seeks to encourage the world community to ensure that children everywhere enjoy their fundamental rights free from all forms of commercial sexual exploitation. In English, Spanish and French. 3

Anti-Slavery.orgexternal link
Anti-Slavery International, founded in 1839, is the world’s oldest international human rights organisation and the only charity in the United Kingdom to work exclusively against slavery and related abuses. Works at local, national and international levels to eliminate the system of slavery around the world. 4

World Organization Against Torture (OMCT)external link
The world’s largest coalition of non-governmental organisations fighting against arbitrary detention, torture, summary and extrajudicial executions, forced disappearances and other forms of violence. Its global network comprises nearly 300 local, national and regional organisations, which share the common goal of eradicating such practices and enabling the respect of human rights for all. 5

Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiersexternal link
Works to prevent the recruitment and use of children as soldiers, to secure their demobilisation and to ensure their rehabilitation and reintegration into society. 6

Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearancesexternal link
UNHCHR – The WGEID’s mandate is to assist families in determining the fate and whereabouts of their relatives who, having disappeared, are placed outside the protection of the law. Enforced disappearance when “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack” has been defined as a crime against humanity 7

Forward UKexternal link
FORWARD was established in 1983 in the UK, in response to the emerging problems caused by female genital mutilation being seen by health professionals. Since this time FORWARD has been working to eliminate the practice and provide support to women affected by FGM. At our twenty year review FORWARD formally incorporated into its mandate other issues allied to FGM, in particular vesico-vagina and recto-vagina fistulae and child and forced marriage. 8

Amnesty International – Stop Violence Against Womenexternal link
Current AI campaign promoting activism to end violence against women worldwide. 9

Prisoners Overseasexternal link
Provides information on conditions of prisoners incarcerated overseas. Also looks at the death penalty worldwide and provides news and action alerts. 10

FoodJustice.netexternal link
Site for the Permanent People’s Tribunal on the Right to Food and The Rule of Law in Asia – Equality among human beings can be guaranteed only when the right to food is adequately met. Denial of this right negates a person’s very humanity and dignity. Societies where large numbers of people are going hungry are inevitably ruled without popular consent and participation, perhaps even by force, and without democracy in spirit or in structure. Therefore the struggle for food and the struggle for justice are one. Site includes Hunger Alerts, articles, photos and links. 11

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centreexternal link
The Geneva-based IDMC runs an online database providing comprehensive information and analysis on internal displacement in some 50 countries. Based on its monitoring and data collection activities, the Centre advocates for durable solutions to the plight of the internally displaced in line with international standards. The IDMC also carries out training activities to enhance the capacity of local actors to respond to the needs of internally displaced people (IDPs). In its work, the Centre cooperates with and provides support to local and national civil society initiatives. 12

Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Personsexternal link
U.S. Dept. of State – provides the tools to combat trafficking in persons and assists in the coordination of anti-trafficking efforts both worldwide and domestically. Produces the annual “Trafficking in Person Report” which serves as the primary diplomatic tool through which the U.S. Government encourages partnership and increased determination in the fight against forced labor, sexual exploitation, and modern-day slavery. 13

Witnessexternal link
WITNESS uses the power of video to open the eyes of the world to human rights abuses. By partnering with local organizations around the globe, WITNESS empowers human rights defenders to use video to shine a light on those most affected by human rights violations, and to transform personal stories of abuse into powerful tools of justice. Over the past decade, WITNESS has partnered with groups in more than 60 countries, bringing often unseen images, untold stories and seldom heard voices to the attention of key decision makers, the media, and the general public — catalyzing grassroots activism, political engagement, and lasting change. 14

Black Market Disruption: Organ Traffickingexternal link
According to USA Today, organ traffickers gained a profit of 6 million US dollars over the course of 19 years. Published news articles have reported of individuals who paid between 100 to 150 Thousands US dollars for a trafficked kidney. In Canada, as many as 50 people are believed to have paid as much as $75,000 for a kidney transplant in China. The organs are believed to have been culled from executed Chinese prisoners. 15

2007 Threat #07 Other Atrocities Forecast

PDF:  07 Other Atrocities

THREAT:  Other Atrocities

Atrocity is an informal term for a range of acts proscribed in the International Covenant On Civil And Political Rights of 1976 (torture, slavery, child labor, child soldiers,…), for acts against the laws of war (war crimes), for acts that are culturally determined to be particularly heinous such as desecration of a corpse, child sexual exploitation, and willful acts against cultural property (iconoclasm). Any aggravated violent act against person or property might be seen as an atrocity in a loose sense but it is the act itself and the circumstances that will determine if an offence under any applicable law has been committed. For instance to burn Muslim battle-dead is a practical health measure, or an atrocity, depending on cultural perspective. Thus, atrocity in the broadest sense is a value (subjective) term.

The purpose of the Covenant (and various conventions relating to War) is to codify acts that the signatories agree are reprehensible and agree to proscribe in local laws. Many states may already have ways of outlawing and punishing the acts but often only in an indirect or rarely used way – deprivation of liberty (for slavery), aggravated assault (for torture), low level immigration offences (for human trafficking). For these nations, it is a consciousness-raising, coordination and standardization exercise. For those nations who routinely practice torture (usually in police custody) or condone slavery as a traditional institution, it is a way for the world community to encourage adherence to a standard of behavior perceived to be morally superior.
Atrocities are a special case of human rights abuses but not all human rights abuses are atrocities. Imprisonment without trial is not an atrocity as such, unless the prisoner is subjected also to inhumane and degrading treatment. The Covenant allows the government of a State to temporarily suspend some of the rights in cases of civil emergency (if it notifies other signatories), but none of the provisions forbidding atrocity. In other words, under this international instrument there is never a lawful excuse for commission of an atrocity.

Just as the real value of the Convention on Genocide is proscription of those acts that invariably precede genocide, hence providing a form of early warning, the value of the Human Rights Covenant is that it sets a high standard which can not prevent isolated atrocities but can offer pressure against institutionalized and/or State sanctioned atrocities.

Killing is objective; mistreatment is not — cultural variations and sensitivities abound. There is anecdotal evidence that Filipino and Indonesian maids are, by Western standards, routinely treated “atrociously” in Saudi Arabia, as low paid slaves subjected to cruel and inhumane treatment. Whether the treatment of “guest workers” of this type is contrary to the Covenant would be open to investigation. Several Islamic nations, including “moderate” ones such as Malaysia, order public whipping as a punishment for some offences. To Western sensitivities, whipping is often thought to be “barbaric” and an “atrocity”. In contrast, other cultures see imprisonment in a small room for many years as cruel, unnatural, and an atrocity.

*some factual material is from http://www.hrweb.org

International Covenant On Civil And Political Rights was adopted in December 1966 and entered into force 23 March 1976.

Near-Term:

The UN Human Rights mechanism has sometimes received bad press in the West because it has brought shortcomings in developed nations such as treatment of illegal immigrants, or of indigenous populations to public attention. From its position on the non-barbaric moral high ground, it is difficult for a developed nation to see that an outsider could have any useful criticism or be motivated by any decent purpose. That common reaction is counter-productive to the global purpose of Human Rights protection and undermines the patently good purpose of UNHCHR.

Mid-Term:

There are reports of severe Human Rights violations every day – from systematic torture of prisoners in Algeria to organ harvesting in China. Often UNHCHR does not have the resources nor the diplomatic backing to investigate or act on accusations such as this. The work against atrocities needs daily support; not lip service every decade or so.

Long-Term:

If political dissidents are summarily executed and their organs harvested for profit, or if prisoners are routinely tortured and mutilated, it ultimately makes little difference in a distant country. Politics is the art of the possible – and the necessary – and States will avoid diplomatic incidents if they can and if their own self-interest is not affected. This is why the activities of UNHCHR as an honest broker established under international Covenant should be supported in every particular. Only when UNHCHR reports are taken as seriously as a crime wave next door will one of the main goals of the UN be accomplished.