Category Archives: Centers of Excellence

2007 Threat #01 Poverty Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

ActionAid Internationalexternal link
Founded in 1972, based in S. Africa, works with local partners to fight poverty and injustice worldwide, reaching over 13 million of the poorest and most vulnerable people over the last year alone, helping them fight for and gain their rights to food, shelter, work, education, healthcare and a voice in the decisions that affect their lives. 1

European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN)external link
A representative network of NGOs and groups involved in the fight against poverty and social exclusion in the Member States of the European Union. English and French, with many documents are available in other languages. 2

Inter-American Development Bank – Sustainable Development Dept.external link
Poverty & Inequality Unit – The mission of the Unit is to provide technical leadership for the Bank and its member governments in the areas of poverty reduction and promoting social equity, and to contribute to enhancing the quality of the Bank’s lending and non-lending activities so as to increase their impact on poverty reduction and social equity. 3

Overseas Development Institute – Poverty & Public Policy Groupexternal link
PPPG’s mission is to contribute through research, advice and communication to measures that work effectively towards the goal of eradicating poverty on a global scale. The research spans all aspects of public policy for poverty reduction, including “upstream” policy and management issues and “downstream” analysis of the causes of poverty and social exclusion. 4

World Bank – Poverty Netexternal link
Provides an introduction to key issues as well as in-depth information on poverty measurement, monitoring, analysis, and on poverty reduction strategies for researchers and practitioners. 5

Oxfamexternal link
Development, relief, and campaigning organisation that works with others to find lasting solutions to poverty and suffering around the world. 6

Development Gateway – Povertyexternal link
Working with governments, international donors and private local and global organizations, DG focuses on areas where Internet processes can deliver high impact results, such as public procurement, aid fund management, aid coordination, and the rapid exchange of lessons and best practices. 7

UNITUSexternal link
A U.S. and India-based nonprofit organization taking a hybrid approach to fighting global poverty using proven strategies from the venture capital, investment banking and strategy consulting industries. 8

Catholic Campaign for Human Development-Poverty USAexternal link
Provides facts about poverty in America as well as information on organizations, communities, and individuals addressing the issue. 9

GTZexternal link
Germany-based GTZ provides viable, forward-looking solutions for political, economic, ecological and social development in a globalized world. We support complex reforms and change processes. All our activities are geared to improving people’s living conditions and prospects on a sustainable basis. Site also in French and German. 10

Poverty Mappingexternal link
Maintained by UNEP, promoting the use of poverty maps in policy making and targeting assistance, particularly in the areas of food security and environmental management. 11

Eldis Poverty Research Guideexternal link
Supports the analyses of poverty and related implications of social and economic policies within Africa, Asia and Latin America. A knowledge service of UK-based Institute of Development Studies. 12

Earth Instituteexternal link
Columbia University – brings together talent from throughout the university to address complex issues facing the planet and its inhabitants, with particular focus on sustainable development and the needs of the world’s poor. 13

Asia Productivity Organizationexternal link
APO’s mission is to contribute to the socioeconomic development of Asia and the Pacific through enhancing productivity by strengthening competitiveness, harmonizing environmental protection, and enhancing social fairness. 14

ONEexternal link
Aims to help Americans raise their voice as ONE against the emergency of AIDS and extreme poverty, so that decision makers will do more to save millions of lives in the poorest countries by allocating an additional ONE percent of the U.S. budget toward providing basic needs like health, education, clean water and food. 15

Third World Network Africaexternal link
An NGO which carries out Research and Advocacy on issues of social and economic policy that advances the needs and interests of peoples of African and other third world countries (especially marginalized social groups), a fair distribution of world’s resources, and forms of development which are sustainable and fulfill human needs. 16

Economic Development Directoryexternal link
Directory of websites of over 2000 economic development agencies, consultants and associations worldwide. Every website listed has significant economic development information. 17

2007 Threat #02 Infectious Disease Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

Centers for Disease Control – Emerging Infectious Diseasesexternal link
U. S. CDC Site – Tracking trends and analyzing new and reemerging infectious disease issues around the world. 1

World Health Organization – Infectious Diseasesexternal link
Provides links to descriptions of activities, reports, news and events, as well as contacts and cooperating partners in the various WHO programmes and offices working on this topic. Also shown are links to related web sites and topics. 2

International Society for Infectious Diseasesexternal link
Goals of ISID are to increase the knowledge base of infectious diseases through research and enhance the professional development of individuals in this discipline; extend and transfer technical expertise in infectious diseases and microbiology; and create and foster partnerships for the control and cost-effective management of infectious diseases around the world. 3

AIDS Education Global Information System (AEGiS)external link
The AEGiS mission is to facilitate access to current patient/clinician information, specific to HIV/AIDS via state-of-the-art technology and to preserve for future generations a global history of the pandemic with our historical news and treatment database. Claims to be the largest free-access virtual AIDS library on earth. 4

Globalhealthfacts.orgexternal link
A project of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, provides free, up-to-date and easy-to-access data by country on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other key health and socio-economic indicators. The data are displayed in tables, charts, and color-coded maps and can be downloaded for custom analyses. 5

Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malariaexternal link
Created to finance a dramatic turn-around in the fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. These diseases kill over 6 million people each year, and the numbers are growing. Operates as a financial instrument, not an implementing authority. Site in several languages. 6

TDR- The Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseasesexternal link
An independent global program of scientific collaboration, co-sponsored by UNICEF, UNDP, World Bank and WHO, it aims to help coordinate, support and influence global efforts to combat a portfolio of major diseases of the poor and disadvantaged. TDR focuses on neglected infectious diseases that disproportionally affect poor and marginalized populations. 7

Hong Kong Society for Infectious Diseasesexternal link
Goals of HKID are to promote the advancement of the study of infectious diseases and to keep the medical profession and the public well informed of the latest developments in the battle against infectious agents. 8

GAVIexternal link
The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations – Mission is to save children’s lives and protect people’s health through the widespread use of vaccines. Site includes info on impact of GAVI, country proposals and country monitoring reports. Reports in several languages. 9

Global Emerging Infections Surveillance & Response Systemexternal link
Established in 1996 as expanded mission of the U.S. DoD, to include support of global surveillance, training, research, and response to emerging infectious disease threats through: centralized coordination; improved preventive health programs and epidemiological capabilities; and enhanced involvement with military treatment facilities and U.S. and overseas laboratories. 10

Center for Complex Infectious Diseasesexternal link
The primary mission of CCID is to determine the nature, origin, disease associations, modes of transmission, methods of diagnosis and responses to therapy of complex infectious diseases, and to disseminate such information. CCID is currently specializing in the detection and characterization of viruses which have undergone a “stealth” adaptation to avoid elimination by the immune system. 11

AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalitionexternal link
AVAC is a community and consumer based organization, founded to accelerate the ethical development and global delivery of vaccines against HIV/AIDS. Provides independent analysis, policy advocacy, public education and mobilization to enhance AIDS vaccine research and development. 12

Stop TB Partnershipexternal link
Goal is to eliminae TB as a public health problem and, ultimately, to obtain a world free of TB. Comprises a network of international organizations, countries, donors from the public and private sectors, governmental and nongovernmental organizations and individuals that have expressed an interest in working together to achieve this goal. 13

Prevention of Avian Influenzaexternal link
Hong Kong-based site providing information on Avian Influenza H5N1 aka “Bird Flu”. Includes What’s News, hotline, related links. In English and Chinese. 14 link
LEPRA is a medical development charity with a mission to restore health, hope and dignity to people affected by leprosy and other diseases of poverty. We currently work in 10 of the world’s most deprived countries covering a population of approximately 300 million. 15

2007 Threat #03 Environmental Degradation Top Centers

OSS.Net Starting Points Rank

Environmental News Networkexternal link
ENN publishes news, commentary, and information to provide a global perspective on environmental issues, and to promote thought, discussion, and awareness among its readers. Selects news stories from a variety of sources, including major wire services, and also features content from partner publishers, freelance journalists, and on-going research. 1

Global Policy Forum – The Environmentexternal link
GPF’s mission is to monitor policy making at the United Nations, promote accountability of global decisions, educate and mobilize for global citizen participation, and advocate on vital issues of international peace and justice. The Environment page touches on key environmental issues and the role of the UN, governments, businesses and NGOs in shaping environmental policy. 2

Union of Concerned Scientists – Global Warmingexternal link
Site includes overview, what’s new, special features sections as well as global warming science information and solutions. 3

Greenpeace Internationalexternal link
Greenpeace exists to expose environmental criminals, and to challenge government and corporations when they fail to live up to their mandate to safeguard the environment and our future. Greenpeace focuses on the most crucial worldwide threats to the planet’s biodiversity and environment. 4

Gristmillexternal link
An environmental news blog that uses humor to present analysis, commentary, advice and reviews. 5

Climate Hotmap.orgexternal link
Global Warming: Early Warning Signs – An interactive map that illustrates the local consequences of global warming. Produced jointly by several well-known environmental organizations. 6

EcoEarth.Infoexternal link
Environment portal & search engine that is a project of Ecological Internet. Includes news, alerts, a blog and links to environmental issues. 7

The Commons Blogexternal link
The Commons Blog is a collaborative web log dedicated to the principle of promoting environmental quality and human dignity and prosperity through markets and property rights. Put more simply, it’s about free markets protecting the environment. 8

Earthscan/James & Jamesexternal link
UK-based publishing firm. Seeks to increase understanding of environmental issues and their implications at all levels, to influence opinion and policy towards sustainable forms of development and to promote the various businesses, industries and organizations that provide the infrastructure to make this happen. 9

Corporate Social Responsibility Wireexternal link
CSRwire is the leading source of corporate social responsibility and sustainability news, reports and information. CSRwire members are companies and NGOs, agencies and organizations interested in communicating their corporate citizenship, sustainability, and socially responsible initiatives to a global audience through CSRwire’s syndication network and weekly News Alerts. CSRwire content covers issues of Diversity, Philanthropy, Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) Environment, Human Rights, Workplace Issues, Business Ethics, Community Development and Corporate Governance. 10

U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP)external link
Stated mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. 11

World Water Councilexternal link
WWC is an international multi-stakeholder platform whose mission is “to promote awareness, build political commitment and trigger action on critical water issues at all levels, including the highest decision-making level, to facilitate the efficient conservation, protection, development, planning, management and use of water in all its dimensions on an environmentally sustainable basis.” Sponsors the World Water Forum every three years. 12

Clean Air Initiativeexternal link
CAI advances innovative ways to improve air quality in cities by sharing knowledge and experiences through partnerships in selected regions of the world. CAI partners and participants foster actions to improve air quality in cities. We bring together a range of cross-cutting expertise in urban development, transport, energy reform, environmental management and environmental health. Currently active in Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. 13

Eco-Advantageexternal link
Site features a blog on how business is catching the green wave, information on the book “Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value and Build Competitive Advantage,” related press items, links to other information on organizations devoted to green business, and The Green Wave, which lists the top 10 environmental issues facing society and business. 14

Alternative Energy Instituteexternal link
AEI’s goals are to raise consciousness about the dangers of fossil fuel dependency and the viable alternatives to fossil fuels, link consumers with suppliers of alternative energy and raise consciousness about community sustainability and providing action response opportunities for individuals throughout the world. 15

Gas Technology Instituteexternal link
GTI is the leading research, development and training organization serving the natural gas industry. Research capabilities, products & services, newsroom, training & conferences, reports/software/publications and commercial opportunities are provided on this website. 16

Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternativesexternal link
GAIA is an expanding international alliance of individuals, NGO’s, community-based organizations, academics and others working to end the incineration of all forms of waste and to promote sustainable waste prevention and discard management practices. 17

Rainforest Action Networkexternal link
Protects forests and the rights of their inhabitants by campaigning to break America’s oil addiction, promote sustainable logging, and bring green ethics to Wall St. 18

World Business Council for Sustainable Developmentexternal link
The WBCSD mission is to provide business leadership as a catalyst for change toward sustainable development, and to support the business license to operate, innovate and grow in a world increasingly shaped by sustainable development issues. It is a CEO-led, global association of some 190 companies dealing exclusively with business and sustainable development. The Council provides a platform for companies to explore sustainable development, share knowledge, experiences and best practices, and to advocate business positions on these issues in a variety of forums, working with governments, non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations. 19

RadWaste.orgexternal link
Guide to radioactive waste, nuclear and radiation related material on the internet. 20

Islamic Foundation for Ecology & Environmental Sciencesexternal link
IFEES has established itself as perhaps the only internationally recognised body articulating the Islamic position on the environment . IFEES is a multi-dimensional organisation and its objectives include: research and the dissemination of information; producing teaching materials, books and journals; training on practical and theoretical subjects; the setting up of an experimental centre focusing on land use and organic farming and also the development of alternative technology. 21

TreeHuggerexternal link
TreeHugger is the leading media outlet dedicated to driving sustainability mainstream. They strive to be a one-stop shop for green news, solutions, and product information. Site includes an up-to-the-minute blog, weekly and daily newsletters, weekly video segments, and a weekly radio show. 22

Global Environmental Management Initiativeexternal link
GEMI’s goal ise to provide strategies for businesses to achieve environmental, health and safety (EHS) excellence, economic success and corporate citizenship. Site provides information on projects and membership, conferences, publications, news and benchmark surveys. 23

GreenBizexternal link
GreenBiz is the leading information resource on how to align environmental responsibility with business success. The site provides news and resources to large and small businesses through a combination of Web sites, workshops, daily news feeds, electronic newsletters, and briefing papers. 24

Sustainablogexternal link
Sustainablog is dedicated to news, information and personal meanderings related to environmental and economic sustainability, green and sustainable business, and environmental politics. Includes extensive list of links to green sites and “the sustainable blogosphere.” 25

ClimateBizexternal link
The mission of ClimateBiz (a partnership of GreenBiz) is to provide hands-on tools, action steps, and other resources companies can use to understand the underlying issues, assess their climate footprint, and devise and implement a plan to significantly reduce their climate impacts throughout their operations and supply chains. The site is divided into Sections, Topics and Sectors. 26

Sustainability Dictionaryexternal link
This Dictionary of Sustainable Management is an open dictionary for business leaders and students of sustainability and business-related terms. It is a project of the Presidio School of Management. The purpose of this effort is to help people better understand how sustainability concepts are creating new understandings in the worlds of business, government, and society. The English alphabet is provided with links to words/phrases related to sustainability. 27

SustainAbilityexternal link
With offices in the U.S. and Europe, SustainAbility advises clients on the risks and opportunities associated with corporate responsibility and sustainable development. Working at the interface between market forces and societal expectations, they seek solutions to social and environmental challenges that deliver long term value. 28

Sustainable Businessexternal link
Sustainable Business provides global news and networking services to help green business grow. Rather than covering a slice of the industry, SB offers visitors a unique lens on the field as a whole, covering all sectors that impact sustainabilty: renewable energy/ efficiency, green building, green investing, and organics. Services include business and investor news, job listings, an events calendar and resource directory. 29

Sustainable Marketingexternal link
The site includes informative articles, a trade show and seminar calendar, a green media list, and discussion groups. The company offers its services to firms looking to sell to green and organic consumers. 30

Triple Punditexternal link
Operated by MBA candidates at the Presidio School of Management and described as “Serving people, planet and profit: An ‘integrated bottom-line’ approach to looking at business from the next generation of MBAs.” 31

2007 Threat #04 Inter-State Conflict Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

Israeli-Palestinian ProCon.orgexternal link
This site presents in a simple, nonpartisan pro-con format, responses to the core question “What are the solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?” Includes maps, historical timelines, documents and statistics about the conflict. 1

Project on Defense Alternatives – War Reportexternal link
Regularly updated site with select articles, documents, and analyses on Iraq and Afghanistan. Also contains archived information on wars in both nations. 2

Institute of Peace and Conflict Studiesexternal link
An India-based independent think tank devoted to studying security issues relating to South Asia. Covers Indo-Pak relations, Kashmir and Jammu developments, China’s influence in the region and nuclear issues. 3 – Conflict, Peace and Securityexternal link
Aggregates and indexes content from over 125 African news organizations, plus more than 200 other sources, who are responsible for their own reporting and views. The Conflict, Peace and Security section includes Top News and Latest News in the region. 4

EU & The Middle East Peace Processexternal link
EU position on the Middle East peace process; support to the process; EU relations with Israel and the Palestinians; and What’s New. 5

Waternetexternal link
Focuses on the challenge of politics and policies with regard to development and potential conflict in water scarce environments in the Middle East. Information is organised on three main topics: the impact of water on politics in the Jordan river basin, a broader view on water issues in the Middle East and more general international aspects of water resources and policies. 6

International Crisis Groupexternal link
Crisis Group is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organization working through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict. Teams of political analysts are located within or close by countries at risk of outbreak, escalation or recurrence of violent conflict. Based on information and assessments from the field, it produces analytical reports containing practical recommendations targeted at key international decision-takers. 7

UNEP – Post Conflict Branchexternal link
Extends UNEP’s work in areas of the world where the natural and human environment has been damaged as a direct or indirect consequence of conflict. PCoB conducts environmental assessments in post-conflict countries and strengthens national environmental management capacity through institution building, promoting regional cooperation, technical legal assistance, environmental information management and integrating environmental concerns in reconstruction programmes. 8

[ – Militaryexternal link
Includes information on current operations, conflicts, news, hot topics and world military guides by country. U.S.-based Global Security provides background information and developing news stories in the fields of defense, space, intelligence, WMD, and homeland security. 9

WomenWarPeace.orgexternal link
A U.N. portal on women, peace and security intended to address the lack of consolidated data on the impact of armed conflict on women and girls as noted by Security Council resolution 1325 (2000). This portal is meant to serve as a centralized repository of information from a wide variety of sources, with links to reports and data from the UN system to information and analysis from experts, academics, NGOs and media sources. 10

World Peace Heraldexternal link
Seeks to provide readers with access to news and views not often found in the traditional media, with a particular focus on issues that relate to building world peace. Our view is global, and recognizes the interdependence of the world’s nations. As such, World Peace Herald reports news that cuts across the boundaries of religion, politics and culture, while also recognizing the efforts of peacemakers around the world. 11

Conflict Resolution Conferences Worldwideexternal link
Provides schedules and details of upcoming events in peace studies, conflict resolution and related fields. Also has links to Journal of Peace Research. 12

Institute for War and Peace Reportingexternal link
IWPR programs provide intensive hands-on training, extensive reporting and publishing, and ambitious initiatives to build the capacity of local media. Supporting peace-building, development and the rule of law, IWPR gives responsible local media a voice. 13

Antiwar.comexternal link
Antiwar news, viewpoints and activities. In addition to Iraq, includes news on Asia, South Asia, Africa and Europe. 14

INCOREexternal link
International Conflict Research is a joint project of the United Nations University and the University of Ulster. Combining research, education and comparative analysis, INCORE addresses the causes and consequences of conflict in Northern Ireland and internationally and promotes conflict resolution management strategies. It aims to influence policymakers and practitioners involved in peace, conflict and reconciliation issues while enhancing the nature of international conflict research. 15

HistoryGuy.comexternal link
A Resource on Military History, World Conflicts, American Politics, and Biography. 16

2007 Threat #05 Civil War Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

Program on Intrastate Conflict and Conflict Resolutionexternal link
Harvard University – Analyzes the causes of ethnic, religious, and other intercommunal conflict, and seeks to identify practical ways to prevent and limit such conflict. It is concerned with the vulnerability of weak states, with good governance, with methods of moderating the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, with peace building and peace enforcement capabilities in Africa, and with the role of truth commissions in conflict prevention and conflict resolution. 1

Power and Interest News Reportexternal link
PINR is an independent organization that utilizes open source intelligence to provide conflict analysis services in the context of international relations. PINR approaches a subject based upon the powers and interests involved, leaving the moral judgments to the reader. Site includes current news, reports by region and archives, and offers consulting services. 2

Economics of Conflictexternal link
World Bank – conflict research at the World Bank is on the cutting edge of economic research on the subject. The major contributions of the Bank’s research began with the first research project, the Economics of Civil War, Crime and Violence and continue today with the second project, Post-Conflict Transitions. Included on the site is the ongoing research of the Post-Conflict Transitions project a synopsis of the Economics of Civil War project. 3

Minority Rights Group Internationalexternal link
Works to secure the rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples worldwide, and to promote cooperation and understanding between communities. MRG strives to promote the active participation of minorities and indigenous peoples in decisions affecting their lives; to secure the implementation of international standards; advance conflict resolution and reconciliation initiatives; advocate the need for the integration of minority rights into development policies. 4

International Center on Nonviolent Conflictexternal link
An independent, non-profit, educational foundation that develops and encourages the study and use of civilian-based, nonmilitary strategies to establish and defend human rights, democracy and justice worldwide. 5

Children and Armed Conflict Unitexternal link
University of Essex – works around the world to improve the situation for civilian children caught up in armed conflict and civil unrest and for those emerging from years of violence. The restoration of civil society following armed conflict provides an opportunity to ensure systems and structures are in place that fully implement children’s rights. 6

Kreddha, International Peace Council for States, Peoples and Minoritiesexternal link
A non-profit organization dedicated to the prevention and resolution of violent conflicts between population groups and the states within which they exist. Where peace has been initiated, Kreddha helps to consolidate it. The organization exists to facilitate and empower state governments and the leadership of population groups world wide to create the conditions for diverse communities to live in peace in an environment where they can actively participate in a society, state and region to which they belong. Kreddha specializes in and limits its activities to intrastate conflicts. 7

Human Security Gatewayexternal link
Canadian-based research and information database regrouping electronic and bibliographic resources on human security. Topics include armies, paramilitaries and non-state armed groups, peace operations and post-conflict reconstruction and refugees and internally displaced people. 8

Peace Pledge Unionexternal link
Contains interactive map of major wars and armed conflicts, by region, since 1945. 9

ReliefWebexternal link
UN OCHA site – Disseminates timely, reliable and relevant humanitarian information by updating its web site around the clock. Posts some 150 maps and documents daily from over 2,000 source from the UN system, governments, NGOs, academia and the media. Map Centre also creates original ReliefWeb maps. 10

South African Regional Poverty Networkexternal link
A non-profit organisation that promotes debate and knowledge sharing on poverty reduction processes and experiences in Southern Africa. Regional themes include human security and migration. 11

Tibetan Center for Conflict Resolutionexternal link
A registered, non-profit, educational organisation dedicated to the non-violent management of conflicts in the Tibetan Community and the world as a whole. Based in Dharamshala, India. 12

United Nations Peacekeepingexternal link
Lists current and past operations, news centre, facts & figures and what’s new. 13

NATOexternal link
Topics include past and present missions, and partnerships. 14

Parliamentarians for Global Actionexternal link
A unique network of over 1300 legislators from 114 parliaments engaged in a range of action-oriented initiatives that promote democracy, peace, justice and development throughout the world. 15

South Asia Terrorism Portal-Wars Within Bordersexternal link
Occasional Writings on Sub-Conventional Conflicts – Articles from a variety of publications on conflict in India, Pakistan, and other South Asian nations. 16

2007 Threat #06 Genocide Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

Genocide Studies Projectexternal link
The GSP at Yale conducts research, seminars and conferences on comparative, interdisciplinary, and policy issues relating to the phenomenon of genocide, and provides training to researchers from afflicted regions. Includes information on ancient and colonial genocides, 20th century genocides, maps and satellite images and publications. In several languages. 1

Web Genocide Documentation Centerexternal link
University of the West of England – The resources made available here, or linked to, are those that focus on some of the most important twentieth-century genocidal and mass man-made killing occurrences. A major emphasis is on the provision of primary materials relating to such occurrences. 2

Committee on Conscienceexternal link
U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum site – The Committee’s mandate is to alert the national conscience, influence policy makers, and stimulate worldwide action to confront and work to halt acts of genocide or related crimes against humanity. In carrying out its mandate, the Committee uses a wide range of actions, including public programs and activities, temporary exhibitions and public or private communications with policy makers. It seeks to work whenever possible with other governmental and non-governmental organizations. 3

Genocide Watchexternal link
Washington, DC-based – Genocide Watch is the Coordinating organization of The International Campaign to End Genocide (ICEG), an international coalition of organizations. The ICEG aims to educate the general public and policy makers about the causes, processes, and warning signs of genocide; to create the institutions and political will to prevent and stop genocide; and to bring perpetrators of genocide to justice. 4

IDEAexternal link
A journal of social issues, is a peer-reviewed electronic journal created for the exchange of ideas related mainly, to cults, mass movements, autocratic power, war, genocide, democide, holocaust, and murder. 5

Inforceexternal link
International Forensic Centre of Excellence for the Investigation of Genocide – The Inforce Foundation was born out of the collective experience of a group of forensic specialists active in the investigation of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide since the mid 1990s. Between us, Inforce personnel have worked for, and with a multiplicity of national and international organisations (government and NGOs) initiating and undertaking such work. This growing body of expertise is set against the fact that approximately 203 million citizens, were unlawfully slaughtered by governments in the twentieth century. Funded by Bournemouth University. 6

Society for Threatened Peoplesexternal link
Germany-based – an independent human rights organisation. Provides interactive map of threatened peoples, press center, publications, donation and campaign information. Also reports on U.N. and EU Council work. In several languages. 7

Freedom, Democide, Warexternal link
University of Hawaii – Site focuses on democide, murder by government. In depth site provides statistics, documents, photo and links on the topic. 8

Darfur Genocideexternal link
This site’s sole purpose is to try to save lives by helping stop the genocide in Darfur. Includes latest news, donation information and info & analysis. 9

Gendercide Watchexternal link
Is a project of the Gender Issues Education Foundation (GIEF), a registered charitable foundation based in Edmonton, Alberta. This site includes a constantly growing data-base of case-studies and other research materials on gendercide, defined as gender selective mass killing. 10

Bystanders to Genocideexternal link
This website catalogues the public statements of U.S. politicians on the genocide in Darfur, and compares what they are saying, to what they are actually doing. It is our hope that you will use this information to urge those in public office to take meaningful action to stop the genocide, and to hold your leaders accountable should they choose to do nothing. Also provides latest information on Darfur and suggestions for action. 11

Crimes of War Projectexternal link
A collaboration of journalists, lawyers and scholars dedicated to raising public awareness of the laws of war and their application to situations of conflict. Goal is to promote understanding of international humanitarian law among journalists, policymakers, and the general public, in the belief that a wider knowledge of the legal framework governing armed conflict will lead to greater pressure to prevent breaches of the law, and to punish those who commit them. 12

Institute for the Study of Genocide – International Association of Genocide Scholars
The ISG exists to promote and disseminate scholarship and policy analyses on the causes, consequences, and prevention of genocide. The International Association of Genocide Scholars is a global, interdisciplinary, non-partisan organization that seeks to further research and teaching about the nature, causes, and consequences of genocide, and advance policy studies on prevention of genocide. Chartered by the University of the State of New York. 13

War Crimes Research Officeexternal link
American University College of Law – The WCRO was initially established to provide the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and Rwanda (ICTR) with legal research and analysis in the areas of humanitarian and international criminal law. To date, the WCRO has completed more than 70 projects, to include cases in East Timor and Cambodia. 14

Minorities at Riskexternal link
A University of Maryland-based research project that monitors and analyzes the status and conflicts of politically-active communal groups in all countries with a current population of at least 500,000. MAR tracks 284 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world from 1945 to the present — identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. MAR focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have “political significance” in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. 15

2007 Threat #07 Other Atrocities Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

Coalition Against Trafficking in Womenexternal link
CATW is a non-governmental organization that promotes women’s human rights by working internationally to combat sexual exploitation in all its forms. Founded in 1988, CATW was the first international non-governmental organization to focus on human trafficking, especially sex trafficking of women and girls. 1

HumanTrafficking.orgexternal link
The purpose of this Web site is to bring Government and NGOs in the East Asia and Pacific together to cooperate and learn from each other’s experiences in their efforts to combat human trafficking. This Web site has country-specific information such as national laws and action plans and contact information on useful governmental agencies. It also has a description of NGO activities in different countries and their contact information. 2

ECPATexternal link
ECPAT is a network of organisations and individuals working together to eliminate the commercial sexual exploitation of children. It seeks to encourage the world community to ensure that children everywhere enjoy their fundamental rights free from all forms of commercial sexual exploitation. In English, Spanish and French. 3

Anti-Slavery.orgexternal link
Anti-Slavery International, founded in 1839, is the world’s oldest international human rights organisation and the only charity in the United Kingdom to work exclusively against slavery and related abuses. Works at local, national and international levels to eliminate the system of slavery around the world. 4

World Organization Against Torture (OMCT)external link
The world’s largest coalition of non-governmental organisations fighting against arbitrary detention, torture, summary and extrajudicial executions, forced disappearances and other forms of violence. Its global network comprises nearly 300 local, national and regional organisations, which share the common goal of eradicating such practices and enabling the respect of human rights for all. 5

Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiersexternal link
Works to prevent the recruitment and use of children as soldiers, to secure their demobilisation and to ensure their rehabilitation and reintegration into society. 6

Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearancesexternal link
UNHCHR – The WGEID’s mandate is to assist families in determining the fate and whereabouts of their relatives who, having disappeared, are placed outside the protection of the law. Enforced disappearance when “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack” has been defined as a crime against humanity 7

Forward UKexternal link
FORWARD was established in 1983 in the UK, in response to the emerging problems caused by female genital mutilation being seen by health professionals. Since this time FORWARD has been working to eliminate the practice and provide support to women affected by FGM. At our twenty year review FORWARD formally incorporated into its mandate other issues allied to FGM, in particular vesico-vagina and recto-vagina fistulae and child and forced marriage. 8

Amnesty International – Stop Violence Against Womenexternal link
Current AI campaign promoting activism to end violence against women worldwide. 9

Prisoners Overseasexternal link
Provides information on conditions of prisoners incarcerated overseas. Also looks at the death penalty worldwide and provides news and action alerts. 10

FoodJustice.netexternal link
Site for the Permanent People’s Tribunal on the Right to Food and The Rule of Law in Asia – Equality among human beings can be guaranteed only when the right to food is adequately met. Denial of this right negates a person’s very humanity and dignity. Societies where large numbers of people are going hungry are inevitably ruled without popular consent and participation, perhaps even by force, and without democracy in spirit or in structure. Therefore the struggle for food and the struggle for justice are one. Site includes Hunger Alerts, articles, photos and links. 11

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centreexternal link
The Geneva-based IDMC runs an online database providing comprehensive information and analysis on internal displacement in some 50 countries. Based on its monitoring and data collection activities, the Centre advocates for durable solutions to the plight of the internally displaced in line with international standards. The IDMC also carries out training activities to enhance the capacity of local actors to respond to the needs of internally displaced people (IDPs). In its work, the Centre cooperates with and provides support to local and national civil society initiatives. 12

Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Personsexternal link
U.S. Dept. of State – provides the tools to combat trafficking in persons and assists in the coordination of anti-trafficking efforts both worldwide and domestically. Produces the annual “Trafficking in Person Report” which serves as the primary diplomatic tool through which the U.S. Government encourages partnership and increased determination in the fight against forced labor, sexual exploitation, and modern-day slavery. 13

Witnessexternal link
WITNESS uses the power of video to open the eyes of the world to human rights abuses. By partnering with local organizations around the globe, WITNESS empowers human rights defenders to use video to shine a light on those most affected by human rights violations, and to transform personal stories of abuse into powerful tools of justice. Over the past decade, WITNESS has partnered with groups in more than 60 countries, bringing often unseen images, untold stories and seldom heard voices to the attention of key decision makers, the media, and the general public — catalyzing grassroots activism, political engagement, and lasting change. 14

Black Market Disruption: Organ Traffickingexternal link
According to USA Today, organ traffickers gained a profit of 6 million US dollars over the course of 19 years. Published news articles have reported of individuals who paid between 100 to 150 Thousands US dollars for a trafficked kidney. In Canada, as many as 50 people are believed to have paid as much as $75,000 for a kidney transplant in China. The organs are believed to have been culled from executed Chinese prisoners. 15

2007 Threat #08 Proliferation Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

Center for Nonprolilferation Studiesexternal link
Monterey Institute of International Studies – Information and analysis to combat the spread of weapons of mass destruction. Includes monthly analysis of WMD export control issues, nonproliferation treaties, documents, organizations and regimes, and the most comprehensive open source data resources in the world on CBRN weapons & missile proliferation developments. 1

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace – Proliferation News & Resourcesexternal link
Comprehensive site including Country Resources on Iran, Korea, Russia and others. Also provides in-depth background on weapons systems and a global proliferation status map, with separate maps on nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. Latest proliferation news. 2

Export Controlexternal link
The EXBS program is a U.S. Government interagency program, managed by the Department of State’s Bureau of Nonproliferation, designed to help prevent proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, their missile delivery systems, conventional weapons, and related items by assisting foreign governments to establish and implement effective export control systems that meet international standards. 3

Loose Nukesexternal link
Based on PBS Frontline program of the same name. Investigation of nuclear smuggling, includes maps, timeline of smuggling incidents and interviews with experts. Also shows nuclear status of several nations, information on Russia’s nuclear complex and readings. 4

Federation of American Scientistsexternal link
Site includes detailed information and news on Nuclear Weapons in the 21st century, to include dirty bombs, dangers of proliferation by state, and next generation nuclear weapons. Also includes Biological and Chemical Weapons information. 5

Institute for Science and International Securityexternal link
ISIS is a non-profit, non-partisan institution dedicated to informing the public about science and policy issues affecting international security. Its efforts focus on stopping the spread of nuclear weapons, bringing about greater transparency of nuclear activities worldwide, and achieving deep reductions in nuclear arsenals. ISIS’s projects integrate technical, scientific, and policy research in order to build a sound foundation for a wide variety of efforts to reduce the threat posed by nuclear weapons to U.S. and international security. 6

Missile Technology Control Regimeexternal link
An informal and voluntary association of countries which share the goals of non-proliferation of unmanned delivery systems capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, and which seek to coordinate national export licensing efforts aimed at preventing their proliferation. The MTCR was originally established in 1987 by Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since that time, the number of MTCR partners has increased to a total of thirty-four countries, all of which have equal standing within the Regime. 7

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weaponsexternal link
The mission is to implement the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention in order to achieve the OPCW’s vision of a world free of chemical weapons, and a world in which cooperation in the peaceful uses of chemistry is fostered. The ultimate aim is to contribute to international security and stability, general and complete disarmament, and global economic development. 8

Sunshine Projectexternal link
An international non-profit organization with offices in Hamburg, Germany and Austin, Texas, working against the hostile use of biotechnology in the post-Cold War era. The Project researches and publishes to strengthen the global consensus against biological warfare and to ensure that international treaties effectively prevent development and use of biological weapons. 9

Small Arms Surveyexternal link
The Small Arms Survey serves to monitor national and international (governmental and ngo) initiatives, and acts as a clearing house for the dissemination of best practices in the field. The legal and the illicit markets for small arms and light weapons-domestic as well as international-are linked by virtue of the fact that weapons can be diverted from the legal into the illicit realm. Diversion includes government supplies to armed non-state groups, violation of arms embargoes, violations of end-user agreements, ant trade, diversion from government or authorized private stockpiles, and battlefield seizures and war booty. Information on illicit cross-border transfers is generally hard to come by. The Small Arms Survey has based its analysis of illicit transfers on seizure data from customs, police, and military as well as on news, NGO, and UN reports. 10

Space Security Projectexternal link
Henry L. Stimpson Center – Includes what’s new, code of conduct for outer space, space debris status, editorials on weaponization of space, and space programs to watch. 11

International Campaign to Ban Landminesexternal link
A network of more than 1,400 NGO’s in 90 countries working for a global ban on landmines. Site includes news, links, a yearly landmine report and a calendar of upcoming events. 12

North Korea Special Collectionexternal link
Center for Nonproliferation Studies – Provides overview, news, and analysis of North Korea’s nuclear and missile development. Also has satellite photos of Yongbyon nuclear complex. 13

IAEA and Iranexternal link
IAEA site focused on Iran. Provides latest briefings/timelines, documents and reports, and background and stories on Iranian nuclear program development. 14

Pakistan-Facts.comexternal link
Site is run by a diverse group of individuals from across the world, sharing common concerns regarding Pakistan’s continued support for terrorism and nuclear proliferation. The Nuclear Proliferation section includes the latest articles on Pakistani nuclear issues, special reports, and feedback from readers. 15

2007 Threat #09 Terrorism Top Centers

EINStarting Points/Rank

National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorismexternal link
Based in Oklahoma City, dedicated to expanding and sharing knowledge to help prevent terrorism and mitigate its effects. Site includes group profiles, terrorism incidents, leaders and members, terrorism trends poster, responder knowledge base, terrorism bibliography, and courses and training events. 1

Counterterrorism Blogexternal link
The first multi-expert blog dedicated solely to counterterrorism issues, serving as a gateway to the community for policymakers and serious researchers. Designed to provide realtime information about terrorism cases and policy developments. 2

Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violenceexternal link
University of St. Andrews – CSTPV is dedicated to the study of the determinants, manifestations and consequences of terrorism and other forms of political violence. In addition, CSTPV investigates the responses of states, civil society and international organisations to violent modes of waging conflict. 3

Counter-Terrorism Training & Resources for Law Enforcementexternal link
This site serves as a single point of access to counter-terrorism training opportunities and related materials available across the Federal Government and from private and nonprofit organizations. These resources will help every law enforcement decision maker develop strategic plans for professional training and local emergency response. 4

Terrorismfiles.orgexternal link
Provides extensive list of terrorist organizations and nations sponsoring terrorism. 5

Islam Denounces Terrorismexternal link
This website is launched to reveal that any kind of terror and barbarism is against Islam, and Muslims share the sorrows of the victims of terrorism. All the written material in this site are taken from the books and articles of Harun Yahya, a well-known Turkish author and one of the prominent Muslim intellectuals of current times. 6

Flashpoints: Terrorism Financing Briefingexternal link
Site includes articles and reports on terror financing, case studies of suspicious terrorist financial activity, guidelines for financial institutions and related links. 7

Nuclear Terrorism – How To Prevent Itexternal link
Nuclear Control Institute site – includes introduction to the issue, recent developments, key studies and documents, and links to articles and other sites. 8

Ecoterrorismexternal link
Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise site – Site defines ecoterrorism and includes top stories of ecoterrorist crimes, data on ecoterrorism, links to Earth Liberation Front and Animal Liberation Front websites. 9

Bioterrorismexternal link
CDC site – includes information for the general public, list of agents, information for professionals and related resources. 10

NarcoTerror.orgexternal link
Portal on Common Sense for Drug Policy – Looks at the “inevitable convergence” of crime, drug prohibition, international smuggling, and terrorism. 11

South Asia Terrorism Portalexternal link
SATP is the largest website on terrorism and low intensity warfare in South Asia, and created the database and analytic context for research and analysis of all extremist movements in the region. SATP has been set up to counter the progressive distortions regarding, and the international community’s neglect of, the wide range of terrorist movements within South Asia, and particularly in India. SATP established a comprehensive, searchable and continuously updated database on all available information relating to terrorism, low intensity warfare and ethnic/communal/sectarian strife in South Asia. 12

EU and Counterterrorismexternal link
Extensive site, located under the EU Delegation to the U.S.A. website, includes links to other EU sites related to terrorism and counterterrorism, as well as EU news updates on the topic. 13

Institute for Security Studies – Africaexternal link
Terrorism Portal – The aim of this thematic page and portal will be to provide practitioners in government, researchers, policy makers and others seeking to understand the phenomenon of terrorism with information on ongoing initiatives and measures to prevent and combat terrorism in Africa, as well as its effects on the people. 14

Rewards for Justiceexternal link
The Rewards for Justice Program has paid more than $62 million for information that prevented international terrorist attacks or helped bring to justice those involved in prior acts. 15

2007 Threat #10 Transnational Crime Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

INTERPOLexternal link
Interpol is the world’s largest international police organization, with 184 member countries. It facilitates cross-border police co-operation, and supports and assists all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime. Interpol aims to facilitate international police co-operation even where diplomatic relations do not exist between particular countries. Site includes information on drugs & organized crime and financial & high tech crimes. 1

Transnational Crime and Corruption Centerexternal link
American University – TraCCC is the first center in the United States devoted to teaching, research, training and formulating policy advice in transnational crime, corruption and terrorism. TraCCC’s fundamental goal is to better understand the causes and scope of transnational crime and corruption and to propose well-grounded policy to reduce and eliminate these problems. 2

Transparency Internationalexternal link
The global coalition against corruption. Site includes news room, global priorities, regional pages, policy and research and publications. 3

U.N. Office on Drugs and Crimeexternal link
UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997, UNODC has approximately 500 staff members worldwide. Its headquarters are in Vienna and it has 21 field offices as well as a liaison office in New York. UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from governments, for 90 percent of its budget. 4

Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commissionexternal link
OAS-CICAD’s core mission is to strengthen the human and institutional capabilities and harness the collective energy of its member states to reduce the production, trafficking and use and abuse of drugs in the Americas. 5

The Anti-Corruption Network for Transition Economiesexternal link
ACN is a regional anti-corruption initiative that was established in 1998 by national governments, civil society organisations, and international donor agencies to promote knowledge sharing, donor co-ordination and policy dialogue in the transition economies in Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States. The main objective of the ACN is to assist the participating countries to strengthen their capacity to tackle anti-corruption reform and to move closer to international standards. 6

International Money Laundering Information Networkexternal link
IMoLIN, an Internet-based network assisting governments, organizations and individuals in the fight against money laundering. IMoLIN has been developed with the cooperation of the world’s leading anti-money laundering organizations Included is a database on legislation and regulation throughout the world (AMLID), an electronic library, and a calendar of events in the anti-money laundering field. Certain aspects of IMoLIN are secured and therefore not available for public use. 7

Institute of Money Laundering Prevention Officersexternal link
IMLPO, established in 2001, is a unique cross-representative forum of anti-money laundering professionals who share views, experiences and opinions of the day-to-day business of combating money laundering. Site includes latest news, conference information and recruitment agencies. 8

Gieschen Consultancyexternal link
Canada-based firm providing counterfeit intelligence reports, counterfeit research, IP protection, document security and check fraud information. 9

Computer Crime Research Centerexternal link
CCRC is a non-profit, non-governmental and scientific research organization which functions on a voluntary basis. Includes Russian and Ukrainian sister sites, links, articles, legislation by country and upcoming events. 10

Anti-Phishing Working Groupexternal link
APWG is the global pan-industrial and law enforcement association focused on eliminating the fraud and identity theft that result from phishing, pharming and email spoofing of all types. 11

419legal.orgexternal link
Provides detailed information on the Nigerian 419 scam, including background, examples of scam documents, and recommended links. 12

International Association of Asian Crime Investigatorsexternal link
Organized exclusively for members of the criminal justice community and designed to promote greater awareness and effectiveness in combating Asian criminality worldwide. Site includes links, newsletter, resources and training information. 13

Organized Crime Registryexternal link
Tripod site contains articles, links and news related to crime syndicates. Includes information on Japanese, Russian and Chinese organizations. 14

Environmental Investigation Agencyexternal link
EIA is an international campaigning organisation committed to investigating and exposing environmental crime. Since 1984, EIA has used pioneering investigative techniques all over the world to expose the impact of environmental crime and to seek lasting solutions. 15